Sericulture in SalemSalem in Tamil Nadu has been making great progress in the field of mulberry cultivation as well as raw silk production. More than 35,000 farmers are engaged in sericulture in Tamil Nadu state and the total workforce employed in this industry goes well above 1.75 lakh! Other states in India where silk is produced include Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Karnataka, Assam and Jammu and Kashmir.
Sericulture in Salem serves to augment income of farmers and is a source of livelihood for most of them. Sericulture is poised for further growth with coordinated efforts of farmers and the government.
Reasons for Progress of Sericulture in SalemThere are many reasons why Salem is treading forward in the realm of sericulture. The climate here is favourable for mulberry cultivation. Till 1956, sericulture was practiced in Dharmapuri district and Coimbatore district. However, since 1979, Salem has been the hub for sericulture. Department of Sericulture has its Headquarters in Salem. Also, the government too has introduced many developmental schemes for promotion of sericulture.
Address:Department of Sericulture
Commissionerate of Sericulture
Foulkes Compound Anaimedu,
Salem, Tamil Nadu
Phone: 0427-2296161, 0427-2296831, 0427-2296832
Following are the factors for increased bivoltine silk production and growth increased mulberry productivity in Salem:
- Adoption of latest scientific technologies in mulberry cultivation and cocoon rearing.
- Using the cluster approach.
- Drip irrigation
- Subsidies from state and central government.
- Technical support in mulberry cultivation.
Introduction of Technology in SericultureThe various Research institutions have come up with cost saving technologies which have enhanced mulberry cultivation. For instance, use of disinfectants, supply of chawki worms, rearing room for silkworm etc. have augmented productivity, thereby the return on investment for farmers too. Sericulture has provided employment to a large number of people in Tamil Nadu State. Raw silk production and cocoon productivity have also contributed to the economy of the state.
Fast Facts about Sericulture in Tamil Nadu
- Tamil Nadu is 4th largest producer of Raw Silk in India.
- Tamil Nadu is 1st in production of white silk or bivoltine silk which is in demand in foreign market.
Department of Sericulture in SalemDepartment of Sericulture was formed in 1979 and has headquarters in Salem. This department is involved with a number of programmes involving Hill Area development programme, Western Ghat development programme, Central Silk Board aided Catalytic Development programme and World Bank aided National Sericulture project etc.
Objectives of Department of Sericulture in SalemThe main objective of the department of Sericulture in Salem include encouraging farmers for better mulberry cultivation and high yield, cultivating different varieties of mulberry, increase in income and productivity of farmers, supply of disease free silkworm seeds and also providing help in establishing drip irrigation system in mulberry gardens.
Farmers in Salem keep enhancing their skills for better cocoon productivity. The government steps in by providing assistance in establishing silk reeling units and also help in marketing of finished products. It is imperative for the farmers to embrace new technologies in this area to facilitate sericulture. Seri culturists are provided continuous training in mulberry cultivation and silkworm rearing.
No doubt, Salem which is known all around the globe for its locally grown mangoes and the delicious alphonso mangoes is steering forward in the field of sericulture too!